Do you dream of having a garden of spices, but don’t know which ones to plant or how to take care of them? We have selected 13 spices to grow at home that will certainly change your kitchen performance, in addition to leaving your garden a charm. Many herbs and plants live very well in pots and smaller spaces, making them perfect for growing at home. Check out:
13 spices to grow at home
Natural herbs and spices, in addition to being healthier, are much tastier than ready-made and ultra-processed spices! With knowledge of which plants to grow and a little patience, you can create a spice garden at home without any complications. Here are some options of spices to plant at home:
Very versatile and resistant, this herb of Mediterranean origin combines very well with lamb, fish, red sauce, breads and pastas, among others. It’s a great spice to grow at home as it also looks amazing. Keep your rosemary always green with these tips:
- Rosemary needs little water and a drainable soil. Excess water is the biggest cause of plant death!
- Being from a dry region, rosemary needs a lot of sun to develop.
- Unlike other spices on this list, rosemary does not need to be fertilized. A mixture of sand and substrate is enough for the shrub to grow happily.
- Beware of periods of low temperatures! Rosemary does not cope well with the cold, needing extra attention on winter days.
- If you’re going to keep your rosemary potted, go for a large pot. That way, your plant will be able to grow much more.
Chives are a classic in Brazilian vegetable gardens and kitchens. Its leaves are long, cylindrical, hollow and very green. It can be used in the preparation of various dishes of oriental cuisine, in addition to adding flavor to cold salads, soups, sauces and even butter. It’s the perfect spice to grow at home. See how to care for a spring onion plant:
- Chives are well suited to various climates, but prefer a milder climate without major temperature spikes.
- It needs a soft soil, drained and enriched with organic matter to develop.
- This spice needs to be in full sun to grow healthily. Ideally, it receives at least 4 hours of direct light a day.
- Water the spring onions whenever you notice the dry soil. Because it stays in the sun a lot, this plant also needs moisture.
- At harvest time, you can remove the entire plant from the ground or, with the help of scissors, cut 3 fingers above the ground. That way your spring onions will grow back in a few days!
Coriander may not even be unanimous in the Brazilian taste, but many cuisines use this herb. This is the case of Mexican, Indian and several dishes from northeastern Brazil. In addition to cooking, cilantro also has amazing medicinal properties. Thinking about growing cilantro around? Check out these tips:
- Coriander can be kept indoors or outdoors, but it must always be in full or partial sun. The more sun, the more intense the color and flavor of the herb will be.
- Your watering should be more frequent when the plant is young, but without ever soaking the earth. When the plant develops, it is recommended to allow the soil to dry between waterings.
- When young, coriander leaves can be crushed by water during watering. If this happens, help the leaves to return to their original position so they don’t die.
- Coriander is a plant sensitive to cold weather and grows best in environments with temperatures ranging from 25°C to 28°C.
- Coriander seeds are widely used as a seasoning. To harvest them, wait for the coriander fruits to be very ripe, with a dry appearance. Coriander seed is an excellent flavoring!
A darling in French cuisine, tarragon is one of the elements that make up the mixture called “fine herbs”. Its glossy gray-green leaves go well with various meats, creams, light sauces, salads, breads and even drinks. How about learning more about your cultivation?
- Tarragon has a few varieties, such as French and Russian tarragon. The first is the most used in cooking because of its accentuated flavor. However, the Russian variety is more resistant.
- It likes full sun, but does not do well with high temperatures. The ideal for your cultivation is that the place is between 4°C and 20°C. In hot climates, the herb tends to grow without flavor.
- The soil must be fertile, drainable and moderately fertile. However, it can also develop on poorer or stony soils.
- Has your tarragon lost its leaves in winter? Do not worry! This plant tends to go into a dormant state during colder periods. Russian tarragon has an advantage in this regard, despite being less flavorful and aromatic.
- This herb needs a moist soil but no excess water. Be careful not to over-water during the winter!
Ginger is a great seasoning choice to grow at home. Extremely versatile, it can be used to season meats, soups, some Asian dishes, sweets, teas and also has several medicinal properties. To always have ginger on hand, follow these tips:
- Planting ginger is possibly the simplest. Having a piece of the root in good condition, it only takes two days to be submerged in warm water for the shoots to start to appear.
- If planted in a pot, prefer a long one, as ginger grows horizontally, unlike other spices presented here, which grow vertically.
- Your soil must be drainable, fluffy and well nourished for the root to grow healthy.
- Ginger doesn’t need direct sunlight, so it’s a great idea to keep it indoors, or in places with plenty of light but not full sun.
- Your watering should be greater during the germination period, always avoiding soaking the soil, as this damages the roots.
Mint is a wild plant that can have its leaves used as a seasoning, especially in Arab cuisine, in juices, drinks, teas and home remedies. As it is easy to maintain, it is a great option for any home garden. Here’s how to grow this herb at home:
- It is recommended that the soil prepared for a mint seedling be fertilized, moist and fluffy.
- Likes plenty of sunlight, but doesn’t need to be in constant light. With sun in the morning and a little shade in the afternoon, it can already grow well.
- Your watering needs to be daily, but be careful not to water the plant! Moist soil is enough.
- Do not keep mint in the same pot as other plants, it can end up hampering the growth of companions because it has long roots.
- To ensure your mint leaves, don’t let the plant bloom! Removing the buttons helps your harvest last longer.
A classic of Italian cuisine, basil is a great seasoning to have around. It seasons sauces and pastas like no one else, has medicinal properties and still leaves the kitchen with a delicious smell! Check out how to take care of this darling from Italy:
- It is recommended that the cultivation of basil is done in a pot just for him. However, if you need to optimize space, the herb can accompany a tomato plant! It’s not just inside the pot that they combine.
- Basil likes sun and heat. 4-6 hours of sunlight a day is enough to keep your leaves green and healthy.
- However, be careful when keeping a pot of basil in the kitchen. Heat from the oven and stove can wither the plant.
- Your ideal soil is rich in organic matter, drained and moist.
- Prefer to water your basil in the morning, this way the plant absorbs the necessary water and the rest evaporates throughout the day.
Although its name resembles that of basil, marjoram is more similar to oregano in appearance. With a light flavor, marjoram can be used either fresh or dehydrated to add that special touch to pastas, sauces, vegetables and salads. Learn to care for this unusual weed:
- Like basil, marjoram asks for a pot in which it can grow on its own, as it needs space. Pots 20 to 25 centimeters deep and wide mouth are ideal for cultivation.
- It likes a clayey soil, with a lot of organic matter and pots with good water drainage.
- Marjoram enjoys the sun and heat, needing to stay a few hours a day in direct light. The more light, the more flavor your leaflets will have.
- Watering should take place whenever the soil is dry, but never soaking. She handles short periods of drought well, so she’d rather water a little than drown her marjoram.
- Beware of dogs and cats that may have access to the plant! Unfortunately, marjoram has principles that can be toxic to pets, causing vomiting and diarrhea.
Among the spices to grow at home, oregano is a favorite. This small, oval-leaved plant is hardy, produces well for many years, and doesn’t need a lot of space to grow. See how to keep an oregano tree at home and always spice up your sauces, pizzas and pastas:
- Like marjoram and basil, oregano enjoys warm weather, and needs direct sunlight for at least a few hours of the day so that its leaves have the expected flavor and aroma.
- It appreciates a well-fertilized soil, but manages to develop well in poorer soils and even in rocky gardens.
- Watering should be periodic, happening whenever the soil is dry to the touch. When already well established, oregano withstands short droughts.
- Replanting every 2 or 3 years will ensure that your oregano tree is always happy and producing!
- The first harvest can take place when the plant is already 20 centimeters long. To use dried herb, the leaves must be dried in a dark, dry and well-ventilated place.
10. Girl Finger Pepper
With a striking look and flavor, dedo-de-moça pepper is present in several dishes. From Mexican cuisine, to sweets and jams, this pepper shines beautifully. In addition to being a versatile seasoning, the pepper plant also adds a touch of color to the garden. Check out tips on how to maintain the plant:
- Peppers in general are very fond of hot weather, and the chick’s finger is no exception. They are very sensitive to frost and rain, so pay attention!
- The pepper tree likes a lot of sun, direct or not, and it needs it to produce large amounts of fruit with a strong flavor. A few hours a day is enough.
- As it is highly exposed to the sun and heat, watering the dedo-de-girl pepper also requires attention. Water whenever the surface of the earth is dry, and never soak it. Morning watering is ideal, as the water that the plant does not absorb dries up throughout the day.
- Don’t be afraid to pick the peppers! Harvesting encourages the plant to produce more.
- After harvesting, a small pruning goes well and ensures that the pepper tree continues to grow vigorously and produce more peppers for your home.
Parsley, parsley or green scent: several names for the same herb that is very successful in the kitchen of most Brazilian homes. Seasoning sauces, roasts, salads, soups and much more, parsley reigns supreme. And it also has impressive medicinal properties, such as antidepressant, diuretic and healing action. Learn to cultivate this darling:
- It is recommended that parsley be planted in fertile soil, enriched with organic matter and drainable, so that it does not accumulate water.
- Unlike other plants on this list, parsley withstands the cold and possible frosts well, however, the drought and the intense heat greatly harm the herb.
- It grows well in semi-shade and receives a few hours of direct sunlight throughout the day, and needs periodic watering whenever the soil appears dry.
- Harvesting should always be done by removing the entire branch, not just its leaves. However, be careful not to remove the sprouts that are in the “eye” of the plant, its center, as this will lead to the death of the parsley.
- The lifespan of parsley depends a lot on the variety chosen and the handling of the plant, however, it lives on average for up to 2 years.
This may not even be the most beloved of the plants on this list, as its strong flavor may offend some, but it’s still useful in the garden. The sage seasons beef, chicken, game, lamb and suckling pig very well. They are great for flavoring cheeses, oils and liqueurs, in addition to having several medicinal properties. Find out how to grow it:
- In pots or garden beds, sage needs a soil enriched with organic matter, drainable, and that is neutral to alkaline.
- Likes the sun, but lives well in half shade, getting a few hours of direct sunlight throughout the day.
- Salvia is a very resistant plant to changes in temperature in general, but it doesn’t deal very well with periods of cold accompanied by a lot of humidity. If this is winter in your city, prefer to keep it in a vase so you can protect it more easily.
- Your watering should be regular during your first few months for you to get established. After this period, leave the waterings more spaced, and if planted directly on the ground, they may even depend on rain.
- Don’t forget to fertilize the sage at each harvest, and pruning it after each flowering. That way, your salvia tree will stay healthy and productive longer.
With small leaves and a delicious aroma, thyme is a must in your garden. Its branches can be used dry or natural and season tomato and cheese-based sauces, various meats, and pasta. In addition to being a great seasoning, thyme also has anti-rheumatic and digestive medicinal properties. Learn to take care of this remarkable little girl:
- Thyme prefers to be planted directly in the ground, but it lives well in pots where it can grow a lot.
- Likes neutral soils, enriched with organic matter and very drainable.
- It must be watered regularly and does not tolerate waterlogging. When already well developed, it handles short periods of drought well, so prefer sporadic lack of water to excess water.
- This herb should be kept in semi-shade or full sun, but beware of sudden changes in temperature and frost!
- Pruning should always be done after flowering to ensure the health of your thyme for many years.
Have you already chosen which spices to plant at home? So now is the time to learn how to create gardens and keep your future seasonings always producing!
How to make a spice garden at home
Suspended, in PET bottle, vertical… There are many ways to keep spice planted at home. Surely some of these will be perfect for your space!
Self-irrigation garden in PET bottle
This is a very useful way to reuse PET bottles and it also makes it easy to care for your seasonings! Alessa Mori’s video shows you step by step this amazing self-irrigating vase that you can make quickly.
How to create a garden in the plastic box
Another super way to reuse materials when creating your spice garden. In this Marieli Mallmann video, you learn how to create an amazing vertical vegetable garden using those plastic market boxes. It’s an easy, spacious and environmentally friendly option.
Hanging spice garden
Can you imagine a mini spice garden hanging in your kitchen? The Ideias no Varal channel imagined, created and teaches you step-by-step how to repeat this creative idea at home. It’s cute.
Now that you know what spices to grow at home, and how to make them, it’s time to get your hands dirty and start creating! Want more green tips for your home? Check out some apartment floor plans .